Downward Annular Flow of Air–Oil–Water Mixture in a Vertical Pipe

Brandt, Agata and Czernek, Krystian and Płaczek, Małgorzata and Witczak, Stanisław (2020) Downward Annular Flow of Air–Oil–Water Mixture in a Vertical Pipe. Energies, 14 (1). p. 30. ISSN 1996-1073

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The paper presents the results of a study concerned with the hydrodynamics of an annular downward multiphase flow of gas and two mutually non-mixing liquids through a vertical pipe with a diameter of 12.5 mm. The air, oil and water were used as working media in this study with changes in superficial velocities in the ranges of jg = 0.34–52.5 m/s for air, jo = 0.000165–0.75 m/s for oil, and jw = 0.02–2.5 m/s for water, respectively. The oil density and viscosity were varied within the ranges of ρo = 859–881 kg/m3 and ηo = 29–2190 mPas, respectively. The research involved the identification of multiphase flow patterns and determination of the void fraction of the individual phases. New flow patterns have been identified and described for the gravitational flow conditions of a two-phase water–oil liquid and a three-phase air–water–oil flow. New flow regime maps and equations for the calculation of air, oil and water void fractions have been developed. A good conformity between the calculated and measured values of void fraction were obtained. The map for the oil–water–air three-phase flow is valid for the following conditions: j3P = 0.35–53.4 m/s (velocity of three-phase mixture) and oil in liquid concentration βo* = 0.48–94% (oil in liquid concentration). In the case of a downward annular oil–water two-phase flow, this map is valid for liquid mixture velocity jl = 0.052–2.14 m/s and βo* = 0.48–94%.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: EP Archives > Energy
Depositing User: Managing Editor
Date Deposited: 21 Feb 2023 05:18
Last Modified: 29 Feb 2024 04:09

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